Catalytic converters are one of the top uses for platinum, palladium, and other PGMs. Read on to learn why catalytic converters use these precious metals.
Author Archives: socialdynamos
PREVALENCE OF AND SUPPORT FOR FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION IN EGYPT AS REVEALED IN THE UNICEF REPORT 2013
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has published in July 2013 its Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical overview and exploration of the dynamics of change. I will confine myself to Egypt, and in the first part I will discuss the prevalence of and support for the hateful practice in Egypt, and then in the second part I will try to find what one can find in the report in respect of the Coptic Christians. The UNICEF’s report relies on Egypt’s statistics on Egypt’s Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in the years 1995, 2000, 2003, 2005 and 2008.
Figure 1: Egypt has one of the highest prevalences of FGM in all 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East where FGM is concentrated. It is the country with the most girls and women with FGM (27.2 million at least)
FGM is concentrated in 29 countries in Africa and the Middle…
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PREVALENCE OF AND SUPPORT FOR FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION WITHIN THE COPTS OF EGYPT: UNICEF REPORT (2013)
I a previous article, I surveyed Egypt’s statistics in respect of the prevalence of and support for female genital mutilation (FGM) as revealed in the UNICEF’s document, published in July 2013, Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical overview and exploration of the dynamics of change. The figures given are concerned with Egypt as a whole, and so when the percentage of 91% is given as prevalence of FGM in Egyptian girls and women in reproductive age, that is between 15 and 49 years, it does not differentiate between Muslim and Christian Egyptian girls and women. Now, I am going to try to find the statistics relevant to the Coptic Christians.
Unlike in Islam, FGM has no religious backing whatsoever in Christianity; nonetheless, it’s practiced by Copts, and it has become a social norm within Coptic communities, in the sense that Coptic families that have their daughters cut do that…
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Sign – ‘I declare that Jerusalem is the eternal capital of Israel and strongly support all efforts to maintain and strengthen a united Jerusalem as the undivided capital of the State of Israel.’
Thomas Sowell on Intellectuals and Society – YouTube
The quest to explain demographic history during the early part of human evolution has been limited because of the scarce paleoanthropological record from the Middle Stone Age. To shed light on the structure of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) phylogeny at the dawn of Homo sapiens, we constructed a matrilineal tree composed of 624 complete mtDNA genomes from sub-Saharan Hg L lineages. We paid particular attention to the Khoi and San (Khoisan) people of South Africa because they are considered to be a unique relic of hunter-gatherer lifestyle and to carry paternal and maternal lineages belonging to the deepest clades known among modern humans.